Trends in Teacher Education
Assessment & Evaluation
An Authentic Assessment at the Graduate Level: A Reflective Capstone Experience
This paper introduces an innovative form of assessment for graduate students that is comprehensive, constructive and deeply reflective. Throughout their final semester, students were invited to synthesize and critically and thoughtfully reflect on their learning, to engage in self-assessment, and to take an active role in the conceptualization and design of their Capstone presentations. This product was used as both a personal and professional learning tool, as well as a means of program assessment for faculty.
Publication Year: 2015 | Updated in ITEC: January 3, 2017
Teacher Turnover in High-Poverty Schools: What We know and Can Do
This paper presents an alternative explanation for turnover—one grounded in organizational theory and substantiated by an emerging line of research. In doing so, it reframes the debate over what fuels high rates of teacher turnover in high-poverty schools and provides advice for policy makers and practitioners. This paper reviews six studies analyzing turnover as a function of school context rather than as a function of student demographics. The review suggests that teachers who leave high-poverty schools are not fleeing their students. Rather, they are fleeing the poor working conditions that make it difficult for them to teach and for their students to learn. The working conditions that teachers prize most include school leadership, collegial relationships, and elements of school culture.
Publication Year: 2015 | Updated in ITEC: March 16, 2017
Instruction in Teacher Training
Motivation and Degree Completion in a University-Based Teacher Education Programme
The present study investigated which factors determine degree completion in a Dutch university-based teacher education programme. The authors assumed that both student characteristics and characteristics of the learning environment affected degree completion.
Analyses showed that teaching ability was the most important motive for becoming a teacher; it was also found to be a negative predictor of degree completion.
Publication Year: 2015 | Updated in ITEC: March 26, 2017
Supporting Professional Learning and Development through International Collaboration in the Co-Construction of an Undergraduate Teaching Qualification
This paper explores one thread from a longitudinal research programme: that relating to senior managers’ and teacher educators’ reported views and experiences of the collaboration and the impact of the co-constructive approach taken on professional development. It examines the impact of the approach taken to collaboration, which included the development and sharing of a pedagogical model for teacher education (ARM: action, reflection, modelling) and reflects on the value of this to professional learning and development. The findings suggest that co-construction of a programme can provide an effective approach to developing teacher education. In this collaboration, because the two elements of trust and shared understanding were achieved, the teacher educators in both countries were empowered to analyse critically what the UK participants brought in the context of local practice.
Publication Year: 2016 | Updated in ITEC: March 8, 2017
ICT & Teaching
“So We Have to Teach Them or What?”: Introducing Preservice Teachers to the Figured Worlds of Urban Youth Through Digital Conversation
Using a figured world framework, the authors explore how social interaction made possible through digital tools shaped the actions and identities of 16 preservice teachers. The findings reveal that providing preservice teachers with virtual access to urban youth’s figured worlds allowed the preservice teachers to better understand the cultural artifacts of these students’ worlds. In doing so, they were forced to acknowledge the importance of maintaining the belief that all students, including those from urban backgrounds, can and want to engage in rigorous learning.
Publication Year: 2015 | Updated in ITEC: March 19, 2017
Polyptych Construction as Historical Methodology: An Intertextual Approach to the Stories of Central Technical School’s Past
Adopting the lens of “new histories” as the basis for the author's inquiry into the institutional legacy of the art program at Toronto’s Central Technical School (CTS), the author created a methodological framework informed by the traditional art form of the polyptych, in which many panels are joined together to show and tell multilayered stories connected to a central theme, to demonstrate visually how stories are interrelated, and to present openings to other stories. This article describes how the author came to see the polyptych as a methodological frame by unpacking its historic roots; by exploring how it operates in contemporary historical research; and by reflecting on how his identity as an artist, teacher, and researcher influences the way he organizes stories within this framework.
Publication Year: 2015 | Updated in ITEC: March 2, 2017
Multiculturalism & Diversity
Making It Better for Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, and Transgender Students through Teacher Education: A Collaborative Self-Study
In this self-study, two educators – a university professor and a classroom teacher, who facilitated a workshop titled “Sexual Diversity in Secondary Schools” in a faculty of education in a mid-sized Ontario city – reflect on the feedback provided by teacher candidates on workshop evaluation forms in relation to their experiences as teacher educators delivering the workshops. The authors conclude that the two-hour Sexual Diversity in Secondary Schools workshop that they presented in a Bachelor of Education program is one example of how LGBT issues might be taught to teacher candidates. Through this self-study, they came to better understand their students and ourselves. They discovered that teacher candidates are increasingly receptive to discussion of LGBT issues, particularly when portrayed in a manner that is respectful and open.
Publication Year: 2012 | Updated in ITEC: January 29, 2017
“Less Afraid to Have Them in My Classroom”: Understanding Pre-Service General Educators’ Perceptions about Inclusion
The purpose of this study was two-fold: (1) to understand the perceptions of pre-service general educators about the inclusion of students with disabilities (SWDs) prior to and at the end of a required course on integrating exceptional students; and (2) to determine if there was a difference by program. The authors conclude that infusion of special education content across the curriculum is one recommendation for enhancing and understanding of SWDs, but the quantity and quality of content in this area will vary based on the background knowledge of each instructor. The authors suggest that teacher educators can only strengthen programs by building relationships across disciplines. Instructional strategies and accommodations that seamlessly grant students with disabilities maximum access to the general education curriculum should naturally be infused in methods courses.
Publication Year: 2011 | Updated in ITEC: March 16, 2017
Theories & Approaches
Building Adaptive Expertise and Practice-Based Evidence: Applying the Implementation Stages Framework to Special Education Teacher Preparation
In this paper, the authors describe a capstone project that meets these needs and prepares pre-service special educators for their role in the development of practice-based evidence. These aims align well with the Council for Exceptional Children’s Professional Standards. To describe this project and how it meets these aims, the authors used the Implementation Stages framework. Outcomes reflect an increase in pre-service special educators’ ability to research and design usable interventions based on evidence-based practices.
Publication Year: 2015 | Updated in ITEC: March 19, 2017
Teacher Education Programs
Special Education Teacher Preparation in the Gulf Cooperation Council Countries
In countries of the world where special education systems are still developing the capacity to provide the education that laws and policies promise, choices made in the design and offering of preparation programs may interact with contextual factors, creating intended and unintended consequences, opportunities, and constraints that affect the countries’ abilities to provide special education. In this study, the authors investigate this idea by examining special education teacher preparation in the Arab countries of the Gulf Cooperation Council.
Publication Year: 2016 | Updated in ITEC: March 26, 2017
Mentoring & Supervision
Comparing Alternative Voices in the Academy: Navigating the Complexity of Mentoring Relationships from Divergent Ethnic Backgrounds
The authors explored the mentoring experiences of two women in higher education who are working at different levels within a research institution. Traditional mentoring relationships which pair graduate students or junior faculty with a single mentor matched by gender, race, research interest have not produced unilateral success for dedicated protégés. Alternatives to traditional mentoring have produced positive results for participants through supports which better match the needs of women and minority graduate students and junior faculty. Yet, few organized efforts to develop successful alternative approaches to traditional mentoring exist.
Publication Year: 2014 | Updated in ITEC: March 23, 2017
Teacher Educators’ Professional Development in Flanders: Practitioner Research as a Promising Strategy
The purpose of this paper is to explore a Flemish intervention designed to support teacher educators’ professional development in
general, and teacher educators’ role as researchers in particular. The results suggest that teacher educators who participated in the
intervention express a stronger confidence towards conducting research, absorb more research into their own practice, and value the
relevance of their role as a ‘researcher’ to improving their role as a ‘teacher educator’.
Publication Year: 2016 | Updated in ITEC: March 2, 2017