Teacher Knowledge and Instructional Quality of Beginning Teachers: Growth and Linkages
In this article, the authors explore the level, variation, and change in teacher knowledge and instruction in the first two years of teaching, the relationship between Mathematical Knowledge for Teaching (MKT) and more distal measures such as certification. The findings reveal that many beginning math teachers had neither a degree in math nor substantial coursework in math. The authors also found that beginning teachers in this study generally had low levels of knowledge (as measured by the MKT), a balanced approach to cognitive demands, low levels of discussion quality, and substantial across-teacher variation in topic coverage. Furthermore, this study provides empirical evidence documenting that in their first two years of teaching, middle school math teachers improved in their math knowledge and improved on some but not all measures of instructional quality.
Publication Year: 2016 | Updated in ITEC: April 18, 2017
Teacher Turnover in High-Poverty Schools: What We know and Can Do
This paper presents an alternative explanation for turnover—one grounded in organizational theory and substantiated by an emerging line of research. In doing so, it reframes the debate over what fuels high rates of teacher turnover in high-poverty schools and provides advice for policy makers and practitioners. This paper reviews six studies analyzing turnover as a function of school context rather than as a function of student demographics. The review suggests that teachers who leave high-poverty schools are not fleeing their students. Rather, they are fleeing the poor working conditions that make it difficult for them to teach and for their students to learn. The working conditions that teachers prize most include school leadership, collegial relationships, and elements of school culture.
Publication Year: 2015 | Updated in ITEC: March 16, 2017
Considering the Social Context of Schools: A Framework for Investigating New Teacher Induction
The goal of this paper is to provide a useful framework rooted in social capital theory to be utilized to guide future research and practice concerning novice teacher induction that includes broader attention to the social context within which teachers are situated. Specifically, the author expounds upon the elements of a school’s social context which impact teacher socialization, including: (1) social context, (2) characteristics of novices, mentors, and colleagues, (3) alignment, and (4) frequency and content of interactions. The author provides recommendations for future research and improved practice.
Publication Year: 2012 | Updated in ITEC: February 14, 2017
“That’s My Job”: Comparing the Beliefs of More and Less Accomplished Special Educators Related to Their Roles and Responsibilities
This study aims to understand special education teachers’ beliefs regarding their roles and responsibilities. The goal of this study is also to determine how these beliefs differ among more and less accomplished teachers. In this study, the authors examine the interviews of special education teachers identified as either more or less accomplished based on the Reading in Special Education (RISE) observation instrument. Through qualitative coding of the data, several themes about beliefs revealed differences between the teachers. The more accomplished teachers discussed a need for instructional intensity and linked their roles and responsibilities to academic needs.
Publication Year: 2015 | Updated in ITEC: January 30, 2017